Bleeding gums when you brush your teeth can be a scary experience and there are many causes. Some of these will be minor and don’t need any treatment while others can be an indication of something more serious.
When your gums start to bleed this could be a sign of a condition known as Gingivitis. This is an early indicator of the start of gum disease. The build up of plaque on your gumline and teeth which isn’t removed by flossing and/or brushing can result in infections of the gums and the result of this is gingivitis. If you have this condition you may notice that your gums are tender, swollen and they can bleed when you brush. Early stage gum disease can be treated with effective flossing, good brushing and frequent check-ups at the dentist.
Another cause of bleeding gums could be attributed to medication that you may be taking such as pills for blood thinning. This type of medication will reduce the blood’s ability to clot resulting in easier bleeding. If you are taking medications and you notice bleeding gums, you should notify your dentist or GP.
If you change your flossing routine, this can also result in bleeding gums. As an example, perhaps you have been flossing more frequently to remove plaque and food from your teeth or if you haven’t flossed in a few days. Your gums should recover and be back to normal within a week.
Bleeding gums can also be caused by switching your toothbrush from a soft to a firm bristled brush. If you notice that the firmer brush is too harsh for your gums, you might want to switch back to a softer brush until you visit your dentist for your check-up and then you can mention it.
Pregnancy can also lead to bleeding gums when you brush and is referred to as pregnancy gingivitis. This is caused by hormonal changes and how the body adapts to bacteria. Regular flossing, a good brushing routine and check-ups at the dentist can help reduce the likelihood of the gum problems getting any worse.
These are just some of the reasons why your gums may bleed, but if you are still unsure about what the cause could be it is advisable to consult your dentist. Dentists have a lot of expertise in this area and will be able to tell what the cause is once they have reviewed your symptoms and undertaken a check-up.